The Green Line or (before) 1967 border or 1949 ceasefire border, is the demarcation line defined in the 1949 ceasefire agreements between the armies of Israel and those of its neighbors (Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria) after the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It served as the de facto border for the State of Israel from 1949 to the Six Day War of 1967. This compressed report on the activities of the Joint Ceasefire Commissions can necessarily only address the most important issues that have been addressed by the four bodies. It must abandon a description of the laborious routine work carried out every day by Arab and Israeli representatives and by the Chief of Staff`s military observer corps, twenty officers and twenty men recruited from Belgium, France and the United States. It cannot focus on the many “small” problems – many of which involve great human tragedies – dealt with every day by these men, the problems of people who have been killed, maimed or killed in incidents along demarcation lines; the hundreds of negotiations on the ground between Arabs and Israelis, arranged by UN observers to recover stolen or looted goods. It cannot account for the hundreds of investigations and conciliations for the recovery of cows, sheep and goats, which have been illegally acquired on one side or another or which have more often been lost on demarcation lines of which cows, sheep and goats, fortunately, are not aware. It cannot describe the relentless efforts to dispel misunderstandings and compensate for friction between the parties, the efforts made by observers in discussions with local authorities and the Chief of Staff in high-level talks in Middle Eastern capitals. On 18 February, the Joint Ceasefire Commission condemned Israel and Jordan for firing on 14 February over the demarcation line near Deir el Ghusun (approximately Mr. R. 1575-1955) in the northern zone.
This fire resulted in the death of a Jordanian. 1967 lines: These refer to the ceasefire lines before the Six Day War, when Israel notably conquered the Gaza Strip in Egypt and Jordan`s West Bank and East Jerusalem and expanded its territory beyond the borders of the “Green Line”, limited by a ceasefire between Israel and its Arab neighbors in 1949. The map on the right is from the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs (you can visit its website for a larger version). After the war, the Israelis, Reuters reports, occupied Gaza and the West Bank militarily, allowing Jews to build settlements in both areas. In 2005, former Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon withdrew troops and settlers from Gaza, now controlled by the Palestinian Islamist group Hamas. Hamas rejects Israel`s right to exist — green line or no green line — while Fatah, which rules the West Bank and has just signed a reconciliation agreement with Hamas, wants a Palestinian state that includes Gaza and the West Bank with East Jerusalem as its capital (in other words, 1967 lines).